Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) is a province of Indonesia located in the heart of Sulawesi. It was established on 13 April 1964. Central Sulawesi is surrounded by Gorontalo in the north, South Sulawesi and Southeast Sulawesi in the south, Maluku in the east, and the Makassar Strait in the west. Palu is the capital city of Central Sulawesi Province, which geographically this region located in upstate. Town which seldom has rain known as one of dry town in Indonesia with hot air in the afternoon and nocturnal cold.
Central Sulawesi's historical background remains partly undisclosed, despite the research that has been done since the early decades of this century. Among others by the European scholars Albert C. Kruyt, in 1909, and Kaudern in 1917-1920.
The first Europeans to come to Central Sulawesi were the Portuguese, who came to trade with the kings. In 1905, the Dutch arrived, causing a string of revolts, such as those that occurred in SIG-Dolo, Claw and Bangui and it has ever occupied by Japan army in world second.
According to estimates, such prehistoric sites could have existed since 55 years before the Christian era. Almost all the megalithic items of Central Sulawesi were scattered across the highlands of Bada, Napu and Besoa. These areas are inhabited by the Lore people, who live along the Lariang river, the longest river in Sulawesi.
Central Sulawesi Province is beautiful region with its mountain; lakes and dales decorate this area. All the things are tourism potency that becomes a fascination for tourist to visit it. The fascination of main tourism in Central Sulawesi is megalith omission area of historic epoch, which stay in Bada and Besoa, however the natural beauty and sociability of its public become valuable asset for the tourism expansion in this area. Central Sulawesi is one of regional in Indonesia that has compatible solidarity between natural beauties, cultural properties and long history.
Central Sulawesi tourism travel guide and tourist attractions popular destinations can be enumerated as follow :
When crossing Sulawesi from South to North or North to South most travelers now choose for a stopover of at least several days at the Togian Islands. The Togians are a picturesque archipelago of about 56 islands and inlets, located in the Tomini Bay. Formed by volcanic activity, the islands are covered by lush rainforest and surrounded by ancient coral reef formations. Both the terrestrial and marine ecosystems teem with exotic wildlife - much of which is extremely rare or endangered. The reefs and coastal areas provide habitat and breeding areas for hawksbill turtle, the green turtle and the dugong. Togian forests and skies are filled with exotic creatures such as the Togian Macaque, the babirusa, the Sulawesi Hornbill, and hanging parrots. Within this tropical paradise, 37 villages provide bright spots of gaiety and culture of several ethnicities, including the Bobongko, Togian, Suluan and the Bajau.
The Togians were declared a National Park in 2004, but there is no park administration center yet or patrols. Because a lot of people live from coconuts and not much from fishing, there is still an abundance of fish life. there seem to be some parts of the reef that were damaged by dynamite fishing,but I didn’t see any actual damage.
Kadidiri Island, which is located not far from Wakai, is the center of tourism area in Togian Island. Kadidiri Island is very popular island among tourist because the beach is a real good with snorkeling location and dive. Above the water guests can walk in the surrounding forest for bird-watching, or see the local culture of the Bajo people (Sea gypsies), try fishing local style or simply relaxing and sunbathing in an untouched paradise.
Kadidiri Island boasts glassy waters, extensive coral habitats and what is probably the best beach in the Togean Islands (an area already famed for its beaches). Beachfront bungalows and rustic resorts are scattered across the coastline, and lounging in a beach chair or hammock is high on most visitors' list of priorities.
Una Una Island.
Una Una Island is one of the most pristine and remote island at Central Sulawesi Province. Una Una on land is a whole new world to that of the mainland, with untouched forests, waterfalls, volcanic pits and lakes scattering the torn and rugged landscape. Here, you will get the best diving experience in the entire of the Togean Islands. Diving around Una Una Island is offer beautiful corals are, massive shimmering walls of Barracuda, Jackfish, Sharks, Eagle Rays, Turtles and many others fish.
Lore Lindu National Park.
Lore Lindu National Park is a forested protected area on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. The area of the national park is 2,290 km² covering both lowland and mountain forests with an altitude range of 200 – 2,610 m. Some of its more popular inhabitants include the Red-Knobbed Hornbill and the Giant Civet. 227 bird species have been observed in the park, 77 of which are endemic to Sulawesi. In addition to the rich wildlife, the Bada Valley located in the park also contains stone megaliths dating from ca. 1300. The national park is also an official UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
Parigi - Moutong.
Parigi Moutong is located in Tomini Bay, about 67 km to the Noth of Palu, Central Sulawesi. Tomini Bay is considered as the center of diversity for marine animal between Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean, amongst its inhabitants about 6 species of dolphins, 2 species of whales, and whaleshark which often frolicks in these waters. Tomini Bay offer amazing crystal clear water consistently reaching about 40 m vertical visibility creating an unobstructed view for divers to enjoy amazing coral formations in rich colors and sheer wall drop off in various dive sites.
The marine waters around Parigi are much less explored, makes the area has a healthy hard coral reef then it’s usually a strong indicator of the overall health of the marine environment in that region. A unique topography provide protection to the reefs closest to shore, providing calm conditon ensuing a relaxing dive with little to no current. In contrass, the outermost wall are directly facing the open water, pelagics are often seens in theese water, feeding on smaller fish hidding amongst the dense soft coral formations.
Diving around Parigi Moutong is open the possibilities for divers to discover the coral reefs, critter and fishes, various dive spots available here from slope to the vertical wall and drop off, divers will be greeted tuba sponges and Salvadore Dali sponges (Petrosia lignose), some reaching gargantuan size of over two meters in length. In addition to stunning coral formation, the unique topography of intricate coral mounds will leave divers breathless with amazement.
For underwater photography lover, beside for Wide photos, macro object also can be found here such as seahorse, ghost pipefish, nudies, anemone, and many more.
Beside the Diving spot, there is an island around Parigi Moutong called Bat Island in Indonesia call it Pulau Kelelawar, The island is flanked by two capes of mangrove forest forming like a gate. The Kelelawar island is a breeding place of bat species. The uniqueness of the bat in this island is on their color, i.e., yellow, brown and black.
A pleasant town with good boat connections to the Togean Islands. The dock and local market are lively places to hang out if you are looking for something to do in Ampana.
Rather remote and deserving at least a few days to explore properly, the Banggai Islands are often overlooked. However, those who do make the effort to come here will be able to enjoy some superb scuba diving, swimming and frequent whale and dugong (aquatic manatee type mammals) sightings. Peleng Island is the largest of the Banggai Islands, with homestays being available at the settlements of Salakan and Tataba.
The third-biggest lake in the whole of Indonesia, covering an area of more than 74,100 acres / 30,000 hectares. Boat trios and hiking trails are the main attractions around the lake. The Lake Poso is located in Pendolo features a number of good beaches and opportunities for swimming, next to the boat jetty.
Morowali Nature Reserve.
Established during the 1980s and around 556,000 acres / 225,000 hectares in size. Tourists visiting the Morowali Nature Reserve will find that this area is best explored on foot, by using the plentiful trekking trails.
The city of Palu offers tourists just a few meaningful attractions, such as the Museum Negeri Propinsi Sulawesi Tengah
Tanjung Api National Park.
This popular park is around 10,500 acres / 4,250 hectares in size and offers an especially unusual attraction - a burning coral cliff, which remains fueled by naturally formed gas, leaking through the rocks.
Bada villages are Dutch missionary heritages. Once upon a time, those villages were ruled under a king appointed by the Dutch government. The king was named Biti magau Itampo Bada. However, the kingdom administration ended in the middle of 20th century. The place belongs to Lore Lindu National Park. South Lore sub district which is centered in Gintu village. The native of this region is Lore tribe, but there are other native tribes living in Central Sulawesi. They are hospital people that always welcome the visitors with open hands. Looking closer to its local inhabitants’ life, most of them work on their farms. Rice and chocolates are the major commodities of this region