Bantimurung Natural Waterfall Overview, Maros Regency, South Sulawesi


Bantimurung Waterfall is the part of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, in the region of Bantimurung, Maros Regency, South Sulawesi Province and its government protected natural reserve. Bantimurung waterfall is one of tourism / tourist destinations in South Sulawesi that you should not miss, a cool waterfall and surrounding forests situated at the valley of a limestone hill with its fertile tropical vegetation.

According to the history, the name was given by Karaeng Simbang. He gave the name from Buginese language, "Benti" and "Merrrung". In the Bugis or Buginese Language "Benti" means Water and "Merrung" means Rumble. If we combine the words, it would be Bentimerrung mean the water that make a sound like a thunder. Along of the progress of the time, this name was changed be Bantimurung.

Bantimurung waterfall has a width of 20 meters and a height of 15 meters with hills panorama and natural waterfall cascading from the top of cliffs. The water was crystal clear and cool off from the rock by rain throughout the year. Under the waterfall flow there is a bathhouse from the foundation of hard limestone and covered with a layer of minerals due to the flow of water for hundreds of years. The depth of water in these baths between the ankles to the waist. It will give you beautiful landscapes and relaxing time to just lay on the ground and listen to the voice of the waterfall. On the left there is a waterfall 10 meters high concrete staircase that is the way to the two caves that surround the waterfall, the Cave of Dreams and Batu Caves.

Besides having a stunning waterfall and tourism area, Bantimurung also a home of many species of rare butterflies, so the Dutch colonists once called this place as the "Kingdom of Butterfly". In fact, a British naturalist, Alfred Rassel Wallase, has lived in this area for approximately one year (1856-1857). During his exploration in 1957, Wallace found about 256 butterfly species from Bantimurung area, different from previous report of Mattimu in 1977 who found 103 butterfly species inside the National Park with some endemic species are Papilio blumei, Papilio polytes, Papilio sataspes, and Graphium androcles. In every years, the number of populations is reduced.

Nowadays visitors can still see the beauty of colorful butterflies with many species that fly to get there - to let in between the flowers and shrubs that meet Bantimurung rock. Since 1970s, butterflies already became export commodity from Bantimurung area. Not only sell to foreign countries, the local market also use this animals as materials for souvenirs, such as raw specimen, butterfly frame, key chain, and many other accessories. In 2010, about 600.000 tourists came to this conservatory site and the management of this National Park changed the purpose of this butterfly conservatory from extraction and exploitation into natural ecosystem for tourist attraction. However, some sellers still catch and use butterflies from its original habitat, not from breeding or farming production. To preserve this animal, Indonesia government through National Species Conservation Strategic Directions 2008 - 2018, included wide variety of butterfly as one of priority in insect group.

There are guest houses for visitors who want more time to enjoy its natural beauty. Along the entrance to the site there are a number of souvenir merchants a butterfly shaped key chain or decoration. Bantimurung waterfall is located about 20 km from Hasanuddin Airport, about 15 km from the town of Maros, and about 50 km from Makassar.

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