South East Sulawesi is the one of the provinces at Indonesia, the capital of the province is Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula. Southeast Sulawesi is divided into several regencies, there are : Bombana Regency (Rumbia), Buton Regency (Bau-Bau), Kolaka Regency (Kolaka), North Kolaka Regency (Lasusua), Konawe Regency (Unaaha), South Konawe Regency (Andoolo), Muna Regency (Raha), Wakatobi (Wangi-Wangi), North Buton Regency (Burangga), North Konawe Regency (Wanggudu) and the cities is : Kendari and Bau-Bau. The main ethnic groups in South East Sulawesi provinces are : Tolaki, Buton, Muna, some of Moronene, Wolio etnic and Bajo Tribe.
Wet region with total rainfall of more than 2,000 mm per year is Northern part region of Kendari - Kolaka, and Northern part of Buton and Wakatobi area. Semi-dry region, with a total rainfall of less than 2,000 mm per year the region of Kendari and Kolaka and Southern part of Southeast Sulawesi peninsula. During five years later, the average rainfall in this province is about 1,904 mm per years, and the average of rainy-dry-days is 109 days per year.
Most of the land area of Southeast Sulawesi is covered by natural jungle with extensive plantations of teak and ironwood, which are used for local handicraft and contribute to the local economy. For those who like challenging adventures and ecotourism this part of Sulawesi is ideal. There are many dive spot and snorkel spots can be found around Southeast Sulawesi, such as : Toli Toli - Labengki Volunteers Conservation Giant Clam Marine Park, Hari Island, Bau - Bau, Labengki Island, Wakatobi Marine National Park, Wangi Wangi, Hoga Island, Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park, and many more...
Southeast Sulawesi tourism travel guide and tourist attractions popular destinations can be enumerated as follow :
Labengki island was popularized by Toli Toli - Labengki Volunteers Giant Clam Conservation Team where is the island became one of the conservation area for the Giant Clam which done since a few years. Lebengki Island consists of several large islands and small islands, 5 large island name it Labengki Besar, Labengki Kecil (small), Namira Island, Akila Island and Mauang Island, while the small islands consists about 20 islands that do not have names. The island that has a population is Labengki Kecil and Mauang Island.
Labengki island offers real exotic panoramic, quiet and natural, surrounded by green rocky hills and it has a very beautiful underwater marine biodiversity, on the one rock mountains corner there are several types of orchids that grow naturally so it can be said Labengki Island area is very ideal and suitable of being a marine tourism destination at Indonesia especially at Southeast Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi Museum.
The Museum of Southeast Sulawesi Province has more than 4,000 collections that can tell a lot about features of this region including a whale fossil with 17 meters long.
Collections of this museum were obtained from people who have it. Some also purchased from several curators. Oldest collection in the museum is Chinese ceramics from the Sung Dynasty in 12th century. Another interesting collection is handwriting Al Quran found in an old mosque in Muna.
As a region rich in minerals, this museum also store samples of nickel, asphalt, and others. There are also marine products such as various types of shells, pearl oysters, crayfish, crabs, mangroves, bahar roots. There are also Anoa (endemic animal of Sulawesi), hornbill birds, and deer that have been preserved. Also there are a various collections of agricultural production tools since the Stone Age are also stored. Another interesting collection is prehistoric graves so-called runi or seronga.
Moramo waterfalls located in the area of Tanjung Peropa Nature Reserve, 60 kilometers east City of Kendari. The waterfall is claimed as the most beautiful natural wonder in the region, it has 7 main steps terrace and about 60 terraces of cascading water that support for swimming with clear and cool water. The water freely slides on multilevel large granite. The height of each level ranges from 0.5 to three meters. These formations are naturally formed over thousands years. Surrounding of the waterfalls standing tree endemic and hundreds of beautiful multi colored butterfly and birds who live scattered around the area make this area is ideal for relax.
Batu Gong Beach (gong stone) is located about 15 km north City of Kendari. Batu refers to 'Stone' and 'Gong' refers like "sound of barking" voiced a Gong (like a music instrument), if the seawater hit the stone then it make a sound like gong. Batu Gong Beach has white sandy and Coastal location is not too close from the settlement makes this beach atmosphere was more quiet and natural. This beach directly faces into the Banda Sea. While on the other side, Nipanipa mountainous array proudly stand.
This place can be reach only 30 minutes from City of Kendari, you will soon see the beauty and tranquility of Nambo Beach. This is a sloping beach, with breezy winds, and beautiful palm trees waving. The water sea is calm and clear makes it as a convenient beach for swimming or boating. Formerly, this beach is a swamp. Then the local government built it as a tourism object. There are pavilions built on the beach. In these pavilions you can enjoy the beautiful of beach, wide ocean with small Bokori island views, and enjoy the unripe coconut.
Tanjung Taipa Beach and Maleo Bird Habitat.
Tanjung (cape) Taipa is a white sand beach and bird's-eye view of gorgeous Banda Sea, there is also frequently encountered Maleo bird activity around the coast. This unique behavior of endemic bird of Sulawesi will accompany you to spend the day at Tanjung Taipa Beach.
Keraton Buton Hill Fort and Keraton Museum.
Bau Bau is the principal on Buton Island, the former capital of the Sultan of Wolio, who ruled Buton and the nearby islands of Muna, Kabaena, Wowini and Tukangbesi. The people conducted trade communicated with both China and the Majapahit Kingdom, on the Island of Java. Interestingly enough, the first ruler who governed this region was a queen, and the last was a king. The most fascinating cultural appeal of Buton Island can be enjoyed when local people conduct ceremonies, celebration celebrations and folk events, which welcome honored guests. One is the "Pakandekandea", when food and cakes are offered to visitors and traditional dances are performed. Buton Island is well known for its asphalt, called Buton or Butas Asphalt, and for its teak and ironwood.
The Keraton which overlooks the town of Bau-bau is said to be the largest walled fort in the world. It is the site where the old Butonese Monarchy lived and ruled from. You can walk around the great walls which are still standing today and take in the great views out over the coastal town of Bau-Bau. It is possible to visit the Keraton museum within the fort and explore the little pathways which run through the small villages within the fort whilst soaking up the relaxed village culture.
Napabale lakeis very beautiful and quiet, located adjacent to the sea offshore, salt watery and connected by a tunnel as long as 16 square meters with high seas. A tunnel section with 16 meter2 the bowl porselin a clear and watery green kebiruan with high seas. rocks that covered the trees in the green surface of the water, around the rim danan this succulent salty. In the water is clear and cool, tourists can swim satisfying hobby. If the tourists happy boating, boater around the lake that is ready to take tourists around to enjoy the panoramic lake, and sea coast to offshore coral reefs through the tunnel. Before the water covered the mouth of the tunnel, tourists must have been back in the lake.
Muna Island is probably the only place in the world where you can see the stallion that compete scramble mare that is very exciting and spectacular frequently performed on each of the communities involved. Race begins with the exchange of female each stallion by a diviner in order to generate emotions from each stallion. Not long after, the second stallion to run into each other with the front legs up, neck straight, snout and teeth sound of chattering teeth bite each other find the target of attacks. Quite a stir of attraction, at once exciting and challenging. In philosophy tribe Muna, attractions horse the value that the rights and responsibilities is everything, so even though the life of a bet. This is the philosophy of the community in the life of the tribe of Muna, which is enshrined in the formal symbol Muna Regional District.
Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park.
Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park is one National Park located in South East Sulawesi with total area measuring about 105,194 acres, which has been declared in 1989, and in 2011 it has been designated as a Ramsar wetland of international importance. Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park consist of sub-montane rain forest, mangrove forest, coastal forest, savanna, and peat swamp. The savanna vegetation of this Park is unique, being a combination of grassy plains with fan palms, thorny bamboo, bushes and other plants growing along the rivers that flow through the savanna.
Plants on Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park consist of about 89 families, 257 genera and 232 species, which is divided by type of forest where the plants grow. The forest with mangroves vegetation type, and its inhabited by large leafed Mangrove (Bruguiera gimnorhiza), Mangrove apple (Sonneratia spp.), Bako bako (rhizophora apiculata), Mangrove Palm (Nypa fruticans), and others. Meanwhile, the forest by satvanna vegetation types is dominated by various plants from blady grass (Imperata cylindrical), Coco grass (Cyperus rotundus), Rusty Sedge (fymbristylis ferrugenea), Blanket grass (axonpus compressus), and Sugarcane (saccharum spp.). The tropical rain forest vegetation types of low mountains also found on the park, such as various types of Rattan and Liana. Most of this vegetation type will be incorporated into the core zone of the park and the rest will be put into jungle zone (wilderness) and rehabilitation zone. Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park has also become a habitat for many kind of bird species, it consist about of 155 species live in the park, including about 32 rare species and other about 37 endemic species. Those birds include Maleo (maleo Macrocephalon), Lesser adjutant (leptoptilos javanicus), Woolly necked stork (Ciconia episcopus), Collared kingfisher (Halcyon chloris), Sulphur crested Cockatoo (Cacatua triton galerita), Vinous breasted sparrowhawk (accipeter rhodogaster), Sulawesi white faced cuckoo dove (Turacoena manadensis), and Mane Pigeon (coloena nicobarica). There is one endemic bird species becomes the typical bird of Southeast Sulawesi, namely Pale Bellied White Eye (Zosterops consobrinorum), which had not been seen in past decades, but now can be found in the Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park.
There are also many types of primates are found on the park, such as Spectral Tarsier (tarsier spectrum) and Crested Black Macaque (Macaca nigra), also a protected endangered species, such as lowland Anoa (babulus depressicornis), Mountain Anoa (babulus quarlesi), Sailfin dragon (hydrosaurus amboinensis), Sulawesi dwarf cuscus (strigocusus celebensis), Timor deer (Cervus timorensis djonga), North Sulawesi Babi Rusa (Babyrousa celebensis), and Sulawesi palm civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii).
Others places interest around park also available such as Harapan Island II, Lanowulu Beach, and Mount Watumohai. The Harapan Island II is located in the middle of the park, which presents beautiful natural panorama of water birds lurking the fish. At the Lanowulu Beach, visitors may swim or doing marine tourism activities, such as sailing and fishing, while at the Mount Watumohai, visitors can climb and camping activities. A savanna on the mountain slope can be used as a camping spot while looking at hundreds of deer grazing, birds singing and shouted to each other, and other various other animals.
Wakatobi National Marine Park.
Wakatobi as one of the world's marine tourism objects and one of the Regencies in Southeast Sulawesi Provience. Beside as the regency, Wakatobi is also known as the National Park, often called as Wakatobi National Park (TNKW) and it gives the unique characteristic of the regency in Indonesia even in the world having the same width with the National Park area.
Wakatobi is well known as the Tukang Besi Island in the map and it is the abbreviation of four main islands name which are : WA (Wangi-wangi), KA (Kaledupa), TO (Tomia) and BI (Binongko), covers an area of 1.400.000 hectares and the coral reef places 90.000 hectares from the total area.
Wakatobi is also situated geographically at the world's coral reef triangle center with its 942 fish species and 750 coral reef species from total 850 of world's collection comparing to the two world's famous diving center like Caribbean Sea that owes only 50 species and other 300 coral reef species in the Red Sea, Egypt
Toli Toli Lebengki Volunteers Conservation Giant Clam Marine Park.
The Volunteers Conservation Giant Clam Marine Park was began build on 1 January 2010 by volunteers people from a small villages, name it Toli Toli Village and their volunteers team build in October 2009. Until this time the Conservation Giant Clam Marine Park have been successful collected and preserved as many as 8,150 Giant Clams, from various Giant Clams, like Tridacna Gigas, Tridacna Derasa, Tridacna Squamosa, Tridacna Maxima, Tridacna Crocea, Tridacna Tevoroa, Tridacna Rosewate, Hippopus-Hippopus and Hippopus Porcellanus and live in the shallow sea to a depth of 5 to 20 meters.
The Conervation Marine parks is the first Conservation Giant Clam Marine Park in Indonesia, especially at South East Sulawesi. The Conervation has not only preserve and protect the Giant Clam but also preserve and protect other marine biota such as starfish, sea cucumbers, ornamental fish, lobster. All of these marine biota was place it naturally in the sea cliff area and the sea mountain (rab) along the four miles in four villages, namely : Rapambinopaka Village, Nii - Tanasa Village, Toli Toli Village and Wawobungi Village, with the center of concentration in the five sea mountain (rab) in the Nii - Tanasa Village and Toli-Toli Village, Lalonggasumeeto district, Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province
This traditional dance belongs to the Tolaki Ethics and one of the main ethics in the South East Sulawesi. The traditional dance has a tradition to express love and friendship. With malulo dance, they invite everyone to have fun. They stand in a circle, singing, and dancing while holding hands one another.
This dance performed by men, women, teenagers, and children. Formed a circle and they hold hand one another. If many people came, more circle will be formed. Everyone can join even though if you are not Tolaki. The Tolaki ethics is respect for women. So they have a way in holding hand. The man hand and must be under hands of women. It means men must always protect women. The teenagers usually use dance as lulo dance to meet each other.
In the past era, this dance is performed at custom ceremonies such as weddings, harvest party, and the king's inauguration. The sound of gongs accompanies pounding footsteps to left and right.
You can participate in this festivity in Tolaki community's villages surrounding Kendari. In several large events in Kendari, lulo dance also often held.