Sulawesi Island or Celebes is one of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia and is situated between Borneo and the Maluku Islands. Sulawesi is the world's eleventh-largest island, covering an area of 174,600 km². The island is surrounded by Borneo to the west, by the Philippines to the north, by Maluku to the east, and by Flores and Timor to the south. It has a distinctive shape, dominated by four large peninsulas: the Semenanjung Minahassa; the East Peninsula; the South Peninsula; and the South-east Peninsula. The central part of the island is ruggedly mountainous, such that the island's peninsulas have traditionally been remote from each other, with better connections by sea than by road.
Geographically, strait of Sulawesi (Makassar) is known as the border of Wallace Line which separates two different kind of fauna, between the eastern ans western part of Indonesia. It has a specific flora and fauna such us ebony wood, hog-deer and maleo bird which has large eggs.
The island of Sulawesi divided into six provinces: Gorontalo, West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, South East Sulawesi, and North Sulawesi. West Sulawesi is a new province, created in 2004 from part of South Sulawesi. The largest cities on the island are Makassar, on the southwestern coast of the island, and Manado, on the northern tip.
The name Sulawesi probably origins from "sula" which means island and "besi" which means iron, which was formerly known as Celebes were found many deposits of nickel-iron, copper and gold. Sulawesi Island is a fascinating destination owing to its unique landscape, beautiful unspoilt beaches, magnificent mountain area, tradition and culture diversity, rice fields, and tropical forests. One can see and enjoy the uniqueness of this culture such as traditional ceremony, traditional dance, carving, beautiful weaving from cotton and silk, traditional house and the fascinating natural tropical scene.
Tropical forests in Sulawesi Island is inhabited by some endemic animal, such as : anoa or dwarf buffalo, babi rusas, which are aberrant pigs, crested macaque (Macaca nigra), tarsiers, the world's smallest primates including three tarsier species are found pumilus, spectrum, and dianae. Maleo birds, Bear Cuscus.
The waters surrounding Sulawesi really do contain some wonderful treasures and greatly influence the island's tourism, since they boast some of Indonesia's most outstanding snorkeling and scuba diving destination, particularly around Bunaken Island - Lembeh Strait in North Sulawesi, Labengki Island and Wakatobi in South East Sulawesi, Togian - Kadidiri Island - Parigi in Central Sulawesi, Tanjung Bira - Selayar Island and Takabonerate in South Sulawesi, and others area. Diving conditions in Sulawesi are absolutely stunning. Everywhere you look there are beautiful corals, the seas surrounding Sulawesi are teeming with marine life. It is said that the waters around Sulawesi contains a percentage of fish species that is one of the highest in the world.
Beside the scuba diving spot, Sulawesi Island still have many tourism object and it all completed with the white powdery beaches around South Sulawesi and South East Sulawesi. The south shore is where you will find the appealing beach resort of Tanjung Bira / Bira Beach, which is known for its boat building, traditional weaving and fishing, as well as its colorful coral reefs and rich marine life. In Central Sulawesi there are Banggai Islands are worth exploring and often disregarded in favour of the Lore Lindu National Park, the Morowali Nature Reserve and the Tanjung Api National Park. Further national parks and wildlife reserves await tourists in North Sulawesi and include the Bogani Nani Wartabone and the Tangkoko Batuangas Dua Saudara. The natural beauty within the Mamasa Valley, Bada Valley and others valley is quite hard to describe and really does need to be experienced firsthand.
Sulawesi tourism travel guide and tourist attractions popular destinations can be enumerated as follow :
South Sulawesi :
Makassar, Rammang Rammang, Malino, Bantimurung National Park, Sungguminasa, Tana Toraja, Tanjung Bira, Bira Beach, Tana Beru Village, Ara Village, Kajang Tribe, Selayar Island, Takabonerate National Park, Bone, Sengkang, Lake Tempe.
West Sulawesi :
South East Sulawesi :
Wakatobi, Wakatobi National Marine Park, Toli Toli - Lebengki Volunteers Conservation Giant Clam Marine Park, Labengki Island, South East Sulawesi Museum, Moramo Waterfalls, Batugong Beach, Nambo Beach, Tanjung Taipa Beach, Keraton Buton, Buton Hill Fort and Museum, Lake Napabale, Fighting Horses.
Central Sulawesi :
North Sulawesi :
Manado, Minahasa Highland, Bunaken Island Sea Garden, Siladen Island, Lembeh Strait, Manado Tua Island, Waruga, Tomohon, Lake Linow, Lake Tondano, Tangkoko National Park, Volcanoes Lokon and Mahawu (Rurukan Village), Bukit Kasih, Waloan, Japanese Cave, Ban Hin Kion Temple, Sangihe Talaud.